Our country's Pitaya production areas are mainly concentrated in 7 provinces and regions in the southern hot zone, mainly Taiwan, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Guizhou, and Yunnan. After 30 years of development, five advantageous dragon fruit planting areas have been established, namely central and southern Guangxi, eastern Guangdong-southeast Fujian, Hainan-Leizhou Peninsula, southern Yunnan and dry-hot valleys in Yunnan-Guizhou Sichuan.
Guangxi: In recent years, the Guangxi government has vigorously supported the development of the fruit industry in various regions. With the guidance of relevant government policies and plans, the investment of manpower and material resources, and the improvement of the service system, the Pitaya industry in Guangxi has developed rapidly and has gradually become the region with the largest area of Pitaya planting in China.
Guangxi Pitaya production areas are mainly distributed in Nanning, Baise, Yulin, Qinzhou, Chongzuo and other places.
In 2020, the planting area, output, and output value of Pitaya in Guangxi rank first in the country, accounting for 345,000 mu, 458,000 tons, and 3.66 billion yuan, respectively, accounting for 34.2%, 30%, and 36.2% of the national total.
There are many varieties of Pitaya, and the subdivisions mainly include: [Big Red, Jindu No. Xixianghong, Tainong No. 1, Tricolor Dragon, Fuguihong, Xiangmilong, Milong, Xianglong, Qinglong, Gold Diamond, Silver Diamond, Guihonglong, Meilong, Chang'e No. 1, Shihuoquan, Mixuan Dragon, queen head and so on. White meat series: Vietnam No. 1, White Crystal, White Jade Dragon, etc.
Pitaya in Nanning, Guangxi has also obtained a geographical indication in 2020. Nanning Pitaya is divided into red-flesh Pitaya and white-flesh Pitaya according to the color of the flesh.
At present, red fleshed pitayas are mainly cultivated with Jindu 1, Meilong 2, and Ruanzhi
Dahong; white-fleshed pitayas are mainly cultivated with Baiyulong.
Pitaya is delicate and sweet. It is a kind of fruit that many people like to eat in daily life. Pitaya
is not only delicious, but its rich nutritional value cannot be ignored. Many people talk about its healing effects.
1. Supplement nutrition
Pitaya is rich in nutrition and comprehensive, mainly including vegetable albumin, cellulose, sugar, carotene, vitamin C, vitamin B1/B2/B3/B12, anthocyanins, biological enzymes, protein and calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, Potassium and other nutrients, among which the trace element content in the fruit core (like black sesame seeds in the pulp) is even more abundant. Therefore, eating Pitaya can provide the body with a variety of nutrients needed daily.
2. Whitening and beauty
Pitaya contains a lot of dietary fiber. Fiber has a detoxification effect and can remove toxins and other harmful metabolites in the human body. After the toxins are discharged, the skin will naturally heal. Secondly, the vitamin content in Pitaya is also very rich, and the vitamin C contained in it can prevent melanin, dilute the spots, and make the skin fairer. In addition, Pitaya also contains strong antioxidant anthocyanins, which have better antioxidant capacity than vitamin C and vitamin E, and can strongly scavenge free radical oxide lipofuscin (pigment) to help skin whiten. Therefore, Pitaya has a significant effect on whitening and lightening spots, and female friends who eat it often can play a role in beauty and beauty.
3. Detoxification and stomach protection
Pitaya contains plant albumin, which is rare in general plants. This substance is adhesive, and can automatically combine with heavy metal ions in the human body, and excreted through the excretory system, which can avoid heavy metal poisoning and thus play a role in detoxification and detoxification. effect. Another study found that vegetable albumin can also protect the stomach wall from damage.